Talmi-Frank, D., A.D. Byas, R. Murrieta, J. Weger-Lucarelli, C. Rückert, E.N. Gallichotte, J.A. Yoshimoto, C. Allen, A.M. Bosco-Lauth, B. Graham, T.A. Felix, A.C. Brault, and G.D. Ebel, Intracellular Diversity of WNV within Circulating Avian Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Reveals Host-Dependent Patterns of Polyinfection. Pathogens, 2023. 12(6): p. 767

Fitzmeyer, E.A., E.N. Gallichotte, and G.D. Ebel, Scanning barcodes: A way to explore viral populations. PLoS Pathog, 2023. 19(4): p. e1011291

Chotiwan, N., E. Rosendal, S.M.A. Willekens, E. Schexnaydre, E. Nilsson, R. Lindqvist, M. Hahn, I.S. Mihai, F. Morini, J. Zhang, G.D. Ebel, L.A. Carlson, J. Henriksson, U. Ahlgren, D. Marcellino, and A.K. Overby, Type I interferon shapes brain distribution and tropism of tick-borne flavivirus. Nat Commun, 2023. 14(1): p. 2007

Chen, B., A.R. Sweeny, V.Y. Wu, R.C. Christofferson, G. Ebel, A.C. Fagre, E. Gallichotte, R.C. Kading, S.J. Ryan, and C.J. Carlson, Exploring the Mosquito-Arbovirus Network: A Survey of Vector Competence Experiments. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2023

McMinn, R.J., R.M. Langsjoen, A. Bombin, R.M. Robich, E. Ojeda, E. Normandin, H.K. Goethert, C.B. Lubelczyk, E. Schneider, D. Cosenza, M. Meagher, M.A. Prusinski, P.C. Sabeti, R.P. Smith, S.R. Telford, 3rd, A. Piantadosi, and G.D. Ebel, Phylodynamics of deer tick virus in North America. Virus Evol, 2023. 9(1): p. vead008

Gallichotte, E.N., D. Samaras, R.A. Murrieta, N.R. Sexton, A. Robison, M.C. Young, A.D. Byas, G.D. Ebel, and C. Rückert, The Incompetence of Mosquitoes – Can Zika Virus Be Adapted To Infect Culex tarsalis Cells? mSphere, 2023: p. e0001523

Oliveira, G., C.B.F. Vogels, A. Zolfaghari, S. Saraf, R. Klitting, J. Weger-Lucarelli, P.L. K, C.O. Ontiveros, R. Agarwal, K.A. Tsetsarkin, E. Harris, G.D. Ebel, S. Wohl, N.D. Grubaugh, and K.G. Andersen, Genomic and phenotypic analyses suggest moderate fitness differences among Zika virus lineages. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2023. 17(2): p. e0011055

Asad, S., A.M. Mehdi, S. Pujhari, C. Rückert, G.D. Ebel, and J.L. Rasgon, Identification of MicroRNAs in the West Nile Virus Vector Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol, 2023. 60(2): p. 182-293


Nehring, M., S. Pugh, T. Dihle, E. Gallichotte, T. Nett, E. Weber, C. Mayo, L. Lynn, G. Ebel, B.K. Fosdick, and S. VandeWoude, Laboratory-Based SARS-CoV-2 Receptor Binding Domain Serologic Assays Perform with Equivalent Sensitivity and Specificity to Commercial FDA-EUA Approved Tests. Viruses, 2022. 15(1)

Olson, D., D.M. Calvimontes, M.M. Lamb, G. Guzman, E. Barrios, A. Chacon, N. Rojop, K. Arias, M. Gomez, G.A. Bolanos, J. Monzon, A.N. Chard, C. Iwamoto, L.M. Duca, N. Vuong, M. Fineman, K. Lesteberg, D. Beckham, M.L. Santiago, K. Quicke, G. Ebel, E.Z. Gutierrez, E. Azziz-Baumgartner, F.G. Hayden, H. Mansour, K. Edwards, L.S. Newman, and E.J. Asturias, Clinical and Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Agricultural Workers, Guatemala. Emerg Infect Dis, 2022. 28(13): p. S277-S287

Field, E.N., J.J. Shepard, M.E. Clifton, K.J. Price, B.J. Witmier, K. Johnson, B. Boze, C. Abadam, G.D. Ebel, P.M. Armstrong, C.M. Barker, and R.C. Smith, Semi-field and surveillance data define the natural diapause timeline for Culex pipiens across the United States. Commun Biol, 2022. 5(1): p. 1300

Jaenisch, T., M.M. Lamb, E.N. Gallichotte, B. Adams, C. Henry, J. Riess, J.T. van Sickle, K.L. Hawkins, B.T. Montague, C. Coburn, L. Conners Bauer, J. Kovarik, M.T. Hernandez, A. Bronson, L. Graham, S. James, S. Hanenberg, J. Kovacs, J.S. Spencer, M. Zabel, P.D. Fox, O. Pluss, W. Windsor, G. Winstanley, D. Olson, M. Barer, S. Berman, G. Ebel, and M. Chu, Investigating transmission of SARS-CoV-2 using novel face mask sampling: a protocol for an observational prospective study of index cases and their contacts in a congregate setting. BMJ Open, 2022. 12(11): p. e061029

Poterek, M.L., C.B.F. Vogels, N.D. Grubaugh, G.D. Ebel, T. Alex Perkins, and S.M. Cavany, Interactions between seasonal temperature variation and temporal synchrony drive increased arbovirus co-infection incidence. R Soc Open Sci, 2022. 9(10): p. 220829

Wu, V.Y., B. Chen, R. Christofferson, G. Ebel, A.C. Fagre, E.N. Gallichotte, A.R. Sweeny, C.J. Carlson, and S.J. Ryan, A minimum data standard for vector competence experiments. Sci Data, 2022. 9(1): p. 634

Stromberg, S., B.A. Baxter, G. Dooley, S.M. LaVergne, E. Gallichotte, T. Dutt, M. Tipton, K. Berry, J. Haberman, N. Natter, T.L. Webb, K. McFann, M. Henao-Tamayo, G. Ebel, S. Rao, J. Dunn, and E.P. Ryan, Relationships between plasma fatty acids in adults with mild, moderate, or severe COVID-19 and the development of post-acute sequelae. Front Nutr, 2022. 9: p. 960409

Quicke, K.M., B.A. Baxter, S. Stromberg, E.N. Gallichotte, E. Fitzmeyer, M.C. Young, K.L. Pabilonia, N. Ehrhart, J. Dunn, G.D. Ebel, and E.P. Ryan, The BioFire(R) RP2.1 Panel Did Not Identify Concurrent Respiratory Virus Infection in Adults with Variable SARS-CoV-2 Disease Severity and Infection Duration. Adv Virol, 2022. 2022: p. 1378482

Gallichotte, E.N., W. Windsor, S. Watts, N. Sexton, C. Henry, T. Jaenisch, M.M. Lamb, G. Winstanley, B. Adams, M. Chu, and G.D. Ebel, Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in exhaled air using non-invasive embedded strips in masks. Am J Infect Control, 2022. 50(8): p. 890-897

Gallichotte, E.N., M. Nehring, S. Stromberg, M.C. Young, A. Snell, J. Daniels, K.L. Pabilonia, S. VandeWoude, N. Ehrhart, and G.D. Ebel, Impact of Prior Infection on SARS-CoV-2 Antibody Responses in Vaccinated Long-Term Care Facility Staff. mSphere, 2022. 7(4): p. e0016922

Fosdick, B.K., J. Bayham, J. Dilliott, G.D. Ebel, and N. Ehrhart, Model-based evaluation of policy impacts and the continued COVID-19 risk at long term care facilities. Infect Dis Model, 2022. 7(3): p. 463-472

Samper, I.C., C.J. McMahon, M.S. Schenkel, K.M. Clark, W. Khamcharoen, L.B.R. Anderson, J.S. Terry, E.N. Gallichotte, G.D. Ebel, B.J. Geiss, D.S. Dandy, and C.S. Henry, Electrochemical Immunoassay for the Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Nucleocapsid Protein in Nasopharyngeal Samples. Anal Chem, 2022. 94(11): p. 4712-4719

Stone, E.T., M. Hassert, E. Geerling, C. Wagner, J.D. Brien, G.D. Ebel, A.J. Hirsch, C. German, J.L. Smith, and A.K. Pinto, Balanced T and B cell responses are required for immune protection against Powassan virus in virus-like particle vaccination. Cell Rep, 2022. 38(7): p. 110388

Dutt, T.S., S.M. LaVergne, T.L. Webb, B.A. Baxter, S. Stromberg, K. McFann, K. Berry, M. Tipton, O. Alnachoukati, L. Zier, G. Ebel, J. Dunn, M. Henao-Tamayo, and E.P. Ryan, Comprehensive Immune Profiling Reveals CD56(+) Monocytes and CD31(+) Endothelial Cells Are Increased in Severe COVID-19 Disease. J Immunol, 2022. 208(3): p. 685-696

Byas, A.D., E.N. Gallichotte, A.E. Hartwig, S.M. Porter, P.W. Gordy, T.A. Felix, R.A. Bowen, G.D. Ebel, and A.M. Bosco-Lauth, American alligators are capable of West Nile virus amplification, mosquito infection and transmission. Virology, 2022. 568: p. 49-55


Gallichotte, E.N., K.M. Quicke, N.R. Sexton, E. Fitzmeyer, M.C. Young, A.J. Janich, K. Dobos, K.L. Pabilonia, G. Gahm, E.J. Carlton, G.D. Ebel, and N. Ehrhart, Early Adoption of Longitudinal Surveillance for SARS-CoV-2 among Staff in Long-Term Care Facilities: Prevalence, Virologic and Sequence Analysis. Microbiol Spectr, 2021. 9(3): p. e0100321

Murrieta, R.A., S.M. Garcia-Luna, D.J. Murrieta, G. Halladay, M.C. Young, J.R. Fauver, A. Gendernalik, J. Weger-Lucarelli, C. Ruckert, and G.D. Ebel, Impact of extrinsic incubation temperature on natural selection during Zika virus infection of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. PLoS Pathog, 2021. 17(11): p. e1009433

Gallichotte, E.N., M. Nehring, M.C. Young, S. Pugh, N.R. Sexton, E. Fitzmeyer, K.M. Quicke, M. Richardson, K.L. Pabilonia, N. Ehrhart, B.K. Fosdick, S. VandeWoude, and G.D. Ebel, Durable Antibody Responses in Staff at Two Long-Term Care Facilities, during and Post SARS-CoV-2 Outbreaks. Microbiol Spectr, 2021. 9(1): p. e0022421

Nelson, T.L., B.K. Fosdick, L.M. Biela, H. Schoenberg, S. Mast, E. McGinnis, M.C. Young, L. Lynn, S. Fahrner, L. Nolt, T. Dihle, K. Quicke, E.N. Gallichotte, E. Fitzmeyer, G.D. Ebel, K. Pabilonia, N. Ehrhart, and S. VandeWoude, Association Between COVID-19 Exposure and Self-reported Compliance With Public Health Guidelines Among Essential Employees at an Institution of Higher Education in the US. JAMA Netw Open, 2021. 4(7): p. e2116543

LaVergne, S.M., S. Stromberg, B.A. Baxter, T.L. Webb, T.S. Dutt, K. Berry, M. Tipton, J. Haberman, B.R. Massey, K. McFann, O. Alnachoukati, L. Zier, T. Heacock, G.D. Ebel, M. Henao-Tamayo, J. Dunn, and E.P. Ryan, A longitudinal SARS-CoV-2 biorepository for COVID-19 survivors with and without post-acute sequelae. BMC Infect Dis, 2021. 21(1): p. 677

Fagre, A., J. Lewis, M. Eckley, S. Zhan, S.M. Rocha, N.R. Sexton, B. Burke, B. Geiss, O. Peersen, T. Bass, R. Kading, J. Rovnak, G.D. Ebel, R.B. Tjalkens, T. Aboellail, and T. Schountz, SARS-CoV-2 infection, neuropathogenesis and transmission among deer mice: Implications for spillback to New World rodents. PLoS Pathog, 2021. 17(5): p. e1009585.

Talavera-Aguilar, L.G., R.A. Murrieta, S. Kiem, R.C. Cetina-Trejo, C.M. Baak-Baak, G.D. Ebel, B.J. Blitvich, and C. Machain-Williams, Infection, dissemination, and transmission efficiencies of Zika virus in Aedes aegypti after serial passage in mosquito or mammalian cell lines or alternating passage in both cell types. Parasit Vectors, 2021. 14(1): p. 261

Gallichotte, E.N., K.M. Dobos, G.D. Ebel, M. Hagedorn, J.L. Rasgon, J.H. Richardson, T.T. Stedman, and J.P. Barfield, Towards a method for cryopreservation of mosquito vectors of human pathogens. Cryobiology, 2021. 99: p. 1-10

Riemersma, K.K., A.S. Jaeger, C.M. Crooks, K.M. Braun, J. Weger-Lucarelli, G.D. Ebel, T.C. Friedrich, and M.T. Aliota, Rapid evolution of enhanced Zika virus virulence during direct vertebrate transmission chains. J Virol, 2021. 95(8)

Ebel, G.D., Mutation, Selection, and Bottlenecks in Polio Vaccine Reversion. Cell Host Microbe, 2021. 29(1): p. 3-5

Sexton, N.R., E.D. Bellis, R.A. Murrieta, M.C. Spangler, P.J. Cline, J. Weger-Lucarelli, and G.D. Ebel, Genome Number and Size Polymorphism in Zika Virus Infectious Units. J Virol, 2021. 95(6)


McDonald, E.M., J. Anderson, J. Wilusz, G.D. Ebel, and A.C. Brault, Zika Virus Replication in Myeloid Cells during Acute Infection Is Vital to Viral Dissemination and Pathogenesis in a Mouse Model. J Virol, 2020. 94(21)

Du Pont, K.E., N.R. Sexton, M. McCullagh, G.D. Ebel, and B.J. Geiss, A Hyperactive Kunjin Virus NS3 Helicase Mutant Demonstrates Increased Dissemination and Mortality in Mosquitoes. J Virol, 2020. 94(19)

Robison, A., M.C. Young, A.D. Byas, C. Ruckert, and G.D. Ebel, Comparison of Chikungunya Virus and Zika Virus Replication and Transmission Dynamics in Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2020. 103(2): p. 869-875

Byas, A.D. and G.D. Ebel, Comparative Pathology of West Nile Virus in Humans and Non-Human Animals. Pathogens, 2020. 9(1)


Carpentier, K.S., B.J. Davenport, K.C. Haist, M.K. McCarthy, N.A. May, A. Robison, C. Ruckert, G.D. Ebel, and T.E. Morrison, Discrete viral E2 lysine residues and scavenger receptor MARCO are required for clearance of circulating alphaviruses. Elife, 2019. 8

Duggal, N.K., K.E. Langwig, G.D. Ebel, and A.C. Brault, On the Fly: Interactions Between Birds, Mosquitoes, and Environment That Have Molded West Nile Virus Genomic Structure Over Two Decades. J Med Entomol, 2019. 56(6): p. 1467-1474

Ciminski, K., W. Ran, M. Gorka, J. Lee, A. Malmlov, J. Schinkothe, M. Eckley, R.A. Murrieta, T.A. Aboellail, C.L. Campbell, G.D. Ebel, J. Ma, A. Pohlmann, K. Franzke, R. Ulrich, D. Hoffmann, A. Garcia-Sastre, W. Ma, T. Schountz, M. Beer, and M. Schwemmle, Bat influenza viruses transmit among bats but are poorly adapted to non-bat species. Nat Microbiol, 2019. 4(12): p. 2298-2309

Sexton, N.R. and G.D. Ebel, Effects of Arbovirus Multi-Host Life Cycles on Dinucleotide and Codon Usage Patterns. Viruses, 2019. 11(7)

Scroggs, S.L.P., N.D. Grubaugh, J.A. Sena, A. Sundararajan, F.D. Schilkey, D.R. Smith, G.D. Ebel, and K.A. Hanley, Endless Forms: Within-Host Variation in the Structure of the West Nile Virus RNA Genome during Serial Passage in Bird Hosts. mSphere, 2019. 4(3)

Jaeger, A.S., R.A. Murrieta, L.R. Goren, C.M. Crooks, R.V. Moriarty, A.M. Weiler, S. Rybarczyk, M.R. Semler, C. Huffman, A. Mejia, H.A. Simmons, M. Fritsch, J.E. Osorio, J.C. Eickhoff, S.L. O’Connor, G.D. Ebel, T.C. Friedrich, and M.T. Aliota, Zika viruses of African and Asian lineages cause fetal harm in a mouse model of vertical transmission. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2019. 13(4): p. e0007343

Ruckert, C., A.N. Prasad, S.M. Garcia-Luna, A. Robison, N.D. Grubaugh, J. Weger-Lucarelli, and G.D. Ebel, Small RNA responses of Culex mosquitoes and cell lines during acute and persistent virus infection. Insect Biochem Mol Biol, 2019. 109: p. 13-23

Smith, R.P., Jr., S.P. Elias, C.E. Cavanaugh, C.B. Lubelczyk, E.H. Lacombe, J. Brancato, H. Doyle, P.W. Rand, G.D. Ebel, and P.J. Krause, Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, B. miyamotoi, and Powassan Virus in Residents Bitten by Ixodes Ticks, Maine, USA. Emerg Infect Dis, 2019. 25(4): p. 804-807.

Nguyen, C., M. Gray, T.A. Burton, S.L. Foy, J.R. Foster, A.L. Gendernalik, C. Ruckert, H. Alout, M.C. Young, B. Boze, G.D. Ebel, B. Clapsaddle, and B.D. Foy, Evaluation of a novel West Nile virus transmission control strategy that targets Culex tarsalis with endectocide-containing blood meals. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2019. 13(3): p. e0007210

Duggal, N.K., E.M. McDonald, J. Weger-Lucarelli, S.A. Hawks, J.M. Ritter, H. Romo, G.D. Ebel, and A.C. Brault, Mutations present in a low-passage Zika virus isolate result in attenuated pathogenesis in mice. Virology, 2019. 530: p. 19-26

Metsky, H.C., K.J. Siddle, A. Gladden-Young, J. Qu, D.K. Yang, P. Brehio, A. Goldfarb, A. Piantadosi, S. Wohl, A. Carter, A.E. Lin, K.G. Barnes, D.C. Tully, B. Corleis, S. Hennigan, G. Barbosa-Lima, Y.R. Vieira, L.M. Paul, A.L. Tan, K.F. Garcia, L.A. Parham, I. Odia, P. Eromon, O.A. Folarin, A. Goba, C. Viral Hemorrhagic Fever, E. Simon-Loriere, L. Hensley, A. Balmaseda, E. Harris, D.S. Kwon, T.M. Allen, J.A. Runstadler, S. Smole, F.A. Bozza, T.M.L. Souza, S. Isern, S.F. Michael, I. Lorenzana, L. Gehrke, I. Bosch, G. Ebel, D.S. Grant, C.T. Happi, D.J. Park, A. Gnirke, P.C. Sabeti, and C.B. Matranga, Capturing sequence diversity in metagenomes with comprehensive and scalable probe design. Nat Biotechnol, 2019. 37(2): p. 160-168

Vogels, C.B.F., C. Ruckert, S.M. Cavany, T.A. Perkins, G.D. Ebel, and N.D. Grubaugh, Arbovirus coinfection and co-transmission: A neglected public health concern? PLoS Biol, 2019. 17(1): p. e3000130

Fauver, J.R., S. Akter, A.I.O. Morales, W.C. Black, A.D. Rodriguez, M.D. Stenglein, G.D. Ebel, and J. Weger-Lucarelli, A reverse-transcription/RNase H based protocol for depletion of mosquito ribosomal RNA facilitates viral intrahost evolution analysis, transcriptomics and pathogen discovery. Virology, 2019. 528: p. 181-197

Raut, R., K.S. Corbett, R.N. Tennekoon, S. Premawansa, A. Wijewickrama, G. Premawansa, P. Mieczkowski, C. Ruckert, G.D. Ebel, A.D. De Silva, and A.M. de Silva, Dengue type 1 viruses circulating in humans are highly infectious and poorly neutralized by human antibodies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2019. 116(1): p. 227-232


VanBlargan, L.A., S. Himansu, B.M. Foreman, G.D. Ebel, T.C. Pierson, and M.S. Diamond, An mRNA Vaccine Protects Mice against Multiple Tick-Transmitted Flavivirus Infections. Cell Rep, 2018. 25(12): p. 3382-3392 e3

Magalhaes, T., A. Robison, M.C. Young, W.C. Black, B.D. Foy, G.D. Ebel, and C. Ruckert, Sequential Infection of Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes with Chikungunya Virus and Zika Virus Enhances Early Zika Virus Transmission. Insects, 2018. 9(4)

Cross, S.T., M.L. Kapuscinski, J. Perino, B.L. Maertens, J. Weger-Lucarelli, G.D. Ebel, and M.D. Stenglein, Co-Infection Patterns in Individual Ixodes scapularis Ticks Reveal Associations between Viral, Eukaryotic and Bacterial Microorganisms. Viruses, 2018. 10(7)

Garcia-Luna, S.M., J. Weger-Lucarelli, C. Ruckert, R.A. Murrieta, M.C. Young, A.D. Byas, J.R. Fauver, R. Perera, A.E. Flores-Suarez, G. Ponce-Garcia, A.D. Rodriguez, G.D. Ebel, and W.C. Black, Variation in competence for ZIKV transmission by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in Mexico. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018. 12(7): p. e0006599

Weger-Lucarelli, J., C. Ruckert, N.D. Grubaugh, M.J. Misencik, P.M. Armstrong, M.D. Stenglein, G.D. Ebel, and D.E. Brackney, Adventitious viruses persistently infect three commonly used mosquito cell lines. Virology, 2018. 521: p. 175-180

Weger-Lucarelli, J., S.M. Garcia, C. Ruckert, A. Byas, S.L. O’Connor, M.T. Aliota, T.C. Friedrich, D.H. O’Connor, and G.D. Ebel, Using barcoded Zika virus to assess virus population structure in vitro and in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Virology, 2018. 521: p. 138-148

Rossi, S.L., G.D. Ebel, C. Shan, P.Y. Shi, and N. Vasilakis, Did Zika Virus Mutate to Cause Severe Outbreaks? Trends Microbiol, 2018. 26(10): p. 877-885

Gorman, M.J., E.A. Caine, K. Zaitsev, M.C. Begley, J. Weger-Lucarelli, M.B. Uccellini, S. Tripathi, J. Morrison, B.L. Yount, K.H. Dinnon, 3rd, C. Ruckert, M.C. Young, Z. Zhu, S.J. Robertson, K.L. McNally, J. Ye, B. Cao, I.U. Mysorekar, G.D. Ebel, R.S. Baric, S.M. Best, M.N. Artyomov, A. Garcia-Sastre, and M.S. Diamond, An Immunocompetent Mouse Model of Zika Virus Infection. Cell Host Microbe, 2018. 23(5): p. 672-685 e6

Aliota, M.T., D.M. Dudley, C.M. Newman, J. Weger-Lucarelli, L.M. Stewart, M.R. Koenig, M.E. Breitbach, A.M. Weiler, M.R. Semler, G.L. Barry, K.R. Zarbock, A.K. Haj, R.V. Moriarty, M.S. Mohns, E.L. Mohr, V. Venturi, N. Schultz-Darken, E. Peterson, W. Newton, M.L. Schotzko, H.A. Simmons, A. Mejia, J.M. Hayes, S. Capuano, 3rd, M.P. Davenport, T.C. Friedrich, G.D. Ebel, S.L. O’Connor, and D.H. O’Connor, Molecularly barcoded Zika virus libraries to probe in vivo evolutionary dynamics. PLoS Pathog, 2018. 14(3): p. e1006964

Fauver, J.R., J. Weger-Lucarelli, L.S. Fakoli, 3rd, K. Bolay, F.K. Bolay, J.W. Diclaro, 2nd, D.E. Brackney, B.D. Foy, M.D. Stenglein, and G.D. Ebel, Xenosurveillance reflects traditional sampling techniques for the identification of human pathogens: A comparative study in West Africa. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2018. 12(3): p. e0006348

Ruckert, C. and G.D. Ebel, How Do Virus-Mosquito Interactions Lead to Viral Emergence? Trends Parasitol, 2018. 34(4): p. 310-321

Magalhaes, T., B.D. Foy, E.T.A. Marques, G.D. Ebel, and J. Weger-Lucarelli, Mosquito-borne and sexual transmission of Zika virus: Recent developments and future directions. Virus Res, 2018. 254: p. 1-9


Roundy, C.M., S.R. Azar, A.C. Brault, G.D. Ebel, A.B. Failloux, I. Fernandez-Salas, U. Kitron, L.D. Kramer, R. Lourenco-de-Oliveira, J.E. Osorio, I.D. Paploski, G.M. Vazquez-Prokopec, G.S. Ribeiro, S.A. Ritchie, L.B. Tauro, N. Vasilakis, and S.C. Weaver, Lack of evidence for Zika virus transmission by Culex mosquitoes. Emerg Microbes Infect, 2017. 6(10): p. e90.

Fauver, J.R., A. Gendernalik, J. Weger-Lucarelli, N.D. Grubaugh, D.E. Brackney, B.D. Foy, and G.D. Ebel, The Use of Xenosurveillance to Detect Human Bacteria, Parasites, and Viruses in Mosquito Bloodmeals. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2017. 97(2): p. 324-329

Gendernalik, A., J. Weger-Lucarelli, S.M. Garcia Luna, J.R. Fauver, C. Ruckert, R.A. Murrieta, N. Bergren, D. Samaras, C. Nguyen, R.C. Kading, and G.D. Ebel, American Aedes vexans Mosquitoes are Competent Vectors of Zika Virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2017. 96(6): p. 1338-1340

Weger-Lucarelli, J., N.K. Duggal, A.C. Brault, B.J. Geiss, and G.D. Ebel, Rescue and Characterization of Recombinant Virus from a New World Zika Virus Infectious Clone. J Vis Exp, 2017(124)

Ebel, G.D., Promiscuous viruses-how do viruses survive multiple unrelated hosts? Curr Opin Virol, 2017. 23: p. 125-129

Ruckert, C., J. Weger-Lucarelli, S.M. Garcia-Luna, M.C. Young, A.D. Byas, R.A. Murrieta, J.R. Fauver, and G.D. Ebel, Impact of simultaneous exposure to arboviruses on infection and transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Nat Commun, 2017. 8: p. 15412

Chotiwan, N., C.D. Brewster, T. Magalhaes, J. Weger-Lucarelli, N.K. Duggal, C. Ruckert, C. Nguyen, S.M. Garcia Luna, J.R. Fauver, B. Andre, M. Gray, W.C. Black, R.C. Kading, G.D. Ebel, G. Kuan, A. Balmaseda, T. Jaenisch, E.T.A. Marques, A.C. Brault, E. Harris, B.D. Foy, S.L. Quackenbush, R. Perera, and J. Rovnak, Rapid and specific detection of Asian- and African-lineage Zika viruses. Sci Transl Med, 2017. 9(388)

Grubaugh, N.D., J.R. Fauver, C. Ruckert, J. Weger-Lucarelli, S. Garcia-Luna, R.A. Murrieta, A. Gendernalik, D.R. Smith, D.E. Brackney, and G.D. Ebel, Mosquitoes Transmit Unique West Nile Virus Populations during Each Feeding Episode. Cell Rep, 2017. 19(4): p. 709-718

Weger-Lucarelli, J., N.K. Duggal, K. Bullard-Feibelman, M. Veselinovic, H. Romo, C. Nguyen, C. Ruckert, A.C. Brault, R.A. Bowen, M. Stenglein, B.J. Geiss, and G.D. Ebel, Development and Characterization of Recombinant Virus Generated from a New World Zika Virus Infectious Clone. J Virol, 2017. 91(1)



Grubaugh, N.D., C. Ruckert, P.M. Armstrong, A. Bransfield, J.F. Anderson, G.D. Ebel, and D.E. Brackney, Transmission bottlenecks and RNAi collectively influence tick-borne flavivirus evolution. Virus Evol, 2016. 2(2): p. vew033

Grubaugh, N.D. and G.D. Ebel, Dynamics of West Nile virus evolution in mosquito vectors. Curr Opin Virol, 2016. 21: p. 132-138

Weger-Lucarelli, J., C. Ruckert, N. Chotiwan, C. Nguyen, S.M. Garcia Luna, J.R. Fauver, B.D. Foy, R. Perera, W.C. Black, R.C. Kading, and G.D. Ebel, Vector Competence of American Mosquitoes for Three Strains of Zika Virus. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2016. 10(10): p. e0005101

Fauver, J.R., N.D. Grubaugh, B.J. Krajacich, J. Weger-Lucarelli, S.M. Lakin, L.S. Fakoli, 3rd, F.K. Bolay, J.W. Diclaro, 2nd, K.R. Dabire, B.D. Foy, D.E. Brackney, G.D. Ebel, and M.D. Stenglein, West African Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes harbor a taxonomically diverse virome including new insect-specific flaviviruses, mononegaviruses, and totiviruses. Virology, 2016. 498: p. 288-299

Miner, J.J., A. Sene, J.M. Richner, A.M. Smith, A. Santeford, N. Ban, J. Weger-Lucarelli, F. Manzella, C. Ruckert, J. Govero, K.K. Noguchi, G.D. Ebel, M.S. Diamond, and R.S. Apte, Zika Virus Infection in Mice Causes Panuveitis with Shedding of Virus in Tears. Cell Rep, 2016. 16(12): p. 3208-3218

Grubaugh, N.D., J. Weger-Lucarelli, R.A. Murrieta, J.R. Fauver, S.M. Garcia-Luna, A.N. Prasad, W.C. Black, and G.D. Ebel, Genetic Drift during Systemic Arbovirus Infection of Mosquito Vectors Leads to Decreased Relative Fitness during Host Switching. Cell Host Microbe, 2016. 19(4): p. 481-92

Misencik, M.J., N.D. Grubaugh, T.G. Andreadis, G.D. Ebel, and P.M. Armstrong, Isolation of a Novel Insect-Specific Flavivirus from Culiseta melanura in the Northeastern United States. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, 2016. 16(3): p. 181-90

Grubaugh, N.D., A. Massey, K.D. Shives, M.D. Stenglein, G.D. Ebel, and J.D. Beckham, West Nile Virus Population Structure, Injury, and Interferon-Stimulated Gene Expression in the Brain From a Fatal Case of Encephalitis. Open Forum Infect Dis, 2016. 3(1): p. ofv182

Fauver, J.R., L. Pecher, J.A. Schurich, B.G. Bolling, M. Calhoon, N.D. Grubaugh, K.L. Burkhalter, L. Eisen, B.G. Andre, R.S. Nasci, A. LeBailly, G.D. Ebel, and C.G. Moore, Temporal and Spatial Variability of Entomological Risk Indices for West Nile Virus Infection in Northern Colorado: 2006-2013. J Med Entomol, 2016. 53(2): p. 425-34


Goenaga, S., J.L. Kenney, N.K. Duggal, M. Delorey, G.D. Ebel, B. Zhang, S.C. Levis, D.A. Enria, and A.C. Brault, Potential for Co-Infection of a Mosquito-Specific Flavivirus, Nhumirim Virus, to Block West Nile Virus Transmission in Mosquitoes. Viruses, 2015. 7(11): p. 5801-12

Moon, S.L., B.J. Dodd, D.E. Brackney, C.J. Wilusz, G.D. Ebel, and J. Wilusz, Flavivirus sfRNA suppresses antiviral RNA interference in cultured cells and mosquitoes and directly interacts with the RNAi machinery. Virology, 2015. 485: p. 322-9

Duggal, N.K., W.K. Reisen, Y. Fang, R.M. Newman, X. Yang, G.D. Ebel, and A.C. Brault, Genotype-specific variation in West Nile virus dispersal in California. Virology, 2015. 485: p. 79-85

Grubaugh, N.D., D.R. Smith, D.E. Brackney, A.M. Bosco-Lauth, J.R. Fauver, C.L. Campbell, T.A. Felix, H. Romo, N.K. Duggal, E.A. Dietrich, T. Eike, J.E. Beane, R.A. Bowen, W.C. Black, A.C. Brault, and G.D. Ebel, Experimental evolution of an RNA virus in wild birds: evidence for host-dependent impacts on population structure and competitive fitness. PLoS Pathog, 2015. 11(5): p. e1004874

Grubaugh, N.D., S. Sharma, B.J. Krajacich, L.S. Fakoli, III, F.K. Bolay, J.W. Diclaro, II, W.E. Johnson, G.D. Ebel, B.D. Foy, and D.E. Brackney, Xenosurveillance: a novel mosquito-based approach for examining the human-pathogen landscape. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2015. 9(3): p. e0003628

Brackney, D.E., E.E. Schirtzinger, T.D. Harrison, G.D. Ebel, and K.A. Hanley, Modulation of flavivirus population diversity by RNA interference. J Virol, 2015. 89(7): p. 4035-9


Campbell, C.L., D.R. Smith, I. Sanchez-Vargas, B. Zhang, P.Y. Shi, and G.D. Ebel, A positively selected mutation in the WNV 2K peptide confers resistance to superinfection exclusion in vivo. Virology, 2014. 464-465: p. 228-232

Ebel, G.D., Toward an activist agenda for monitoring virus emergence. Cell Host Microbe, 2014. 15(6): p. 655-6

Campbell, C.L., T. Harrison, A.M. Hess, and G.D. Ebel, MicroRNA levels are modulated in Aedes aegypti after exposure to Dengue-2. Insect Mol Biol, 2014. 23(1): p. 132-9


Prasad, A.N., D.E. Brackney, and G.D. Ebel, The role of innate immunity in conditioning mosquito susceptibility to West Nile virus. Viruses, 2013. 5(12): p. 3142-70

Deardorff, E.R., R.A. Nofchissey, J.A. Cook, A.G. Hope, A. Tsvetkova, S.L. Talbot, and G.D. Ebel, Powassan virus in mammals, Alaska and New Mexico, U.S.A., and Russia, 2004-2007. Emerg Infect Dis, 2013. 19(12): p. 2012-6

Nofchissey, R.A., E.R. Deardorff, T.M. Blevins, M. Anishchenko, A. Bosco-Lauth, E. Berl, C. Lubelczyk, J.P. Mutebi, A.C. Brault, G.D. Ebel, and L.A. Magnarelli, Seroprevalence of Powassan virus in New England deer, 1979-2010. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2013. 88(6): p. 1159-62

Malboeuf, C.M., X. Yang, P. Charlebois, J. Qu, A.M. Berlin, M. Casali, K.N. Pesko, C.L. Boutwell, J.P. DeVincenzo, G.D. Ebel, T.M. Allen, M.C. Zody, M.R. Henn, and J.Z. Levin, Complete viral RNA genome sequencing of ultra-low copy samples by sequence-independent amplification. Nucleic Acids Res, 2013. 41(1): p. e13


Macalalad, A.R., M.C. Zody, P. Charlebois, N.J. Lennon, R.M. Newman, C.M. Malboeuf, E.M. Ryan, C.L. Boutwell, K.A. Power, D.E. Brackney, K.N. Pesko, J.Z. Levin, G.D. Ebel, T.M. Allen, B.W. Birren, and M.R. Henn, Highly sensitive and specific detection of rare variants in mixed viral populations from massively parallel sequence data. PLoS Comput Biol, 2012. 8(3): p. e1002417

Shrestha, B., S.K. Austin, K.A. Dowd, A.N. Prasad, S. Youn, T.C. Pierson, D.H. Fremont, G.D. Ebel, and M.S. Diamond, Complex phenotypes in mosquitoes and mice associated with neutralization escape of a Dengue virus type 1 monoclonal antibody. Virology, 2012. 427(2): p. 127-34

Pesko, K.N., K.A. Fitzpatrick, E.M. Ryan, P.Y. Shi, B. Zhang, N.J. Lennon, R.M. Newman, M.R. Henn, and G.D. Ebel, Internally deleted WNV genomes isolated from exotic birds in New Mexico: function in cells, mosquitoes, and mice. Virology, 2012. 427(1): p. 10-7

Ciota, A.T., C.L. Drummond, M.A. Ruby, J. Drobnack, G.D. Ebel, and L.D. Kramer, Dispersal of Culex mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from a wastewater treatment facility. J Med Entomol, 2012. 49(1): p. 35-42

Pesko, K.N. and G.D. Ebel, West Nile virus population genetics and evolution. Infect Genet Evol, 2012. 12(2): p. 181-90



 Publications from 2011 and earlier are available on PubMed and ResearchGate (click links above).